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Municipal Government of Canada Structure

 

The only thing mentioned about local governments in the Canadian Constitution is that they are responsibility of the province. Because of this, Municipalities can be created or changed at the discretion of the province and the structure may vary from place to place.
Municipalities exist is because it is better for some matters to be taken care of at a local level instead of provincially. There are approximately 3,700 municipal governments across Canada.

 

 

Structure

 

Municipal governments may run in a regional, local or sub-local fashion. When run regionally, the areas are often separated through a tier system.
Local would be considered a city or town, and sub-local may be considered a village or county/rural area.
There are some areas in Canada which do not have a municipal government at all, they would be considered, unincorporated. They are often run by a local services board or by the province themselves.

The basic structure of Municipal government is: a Mayor and a group of Councilors.
The function of the Mayor is different in Canada, in the fact that the Mayor does not lord over the Councilors. They make decisions through voting, although the Mayor can help give a direction by giving his recommendation to the group.
The Mayor and Councilors are voted in through election. The Mayor can be a part of a political party, but the councilors are often partisan and do not have a party at all. They are local people that can often teachers or someone active in the community. Unlike the Provincial elections, the elections for the Municipal Governments have fixed dates.

 

 

Functions

 

The commons functions they often look after are: garbage removal, parks, schools, small roads, railroad tracks, public services, utilities and taxes. Some have municipal fire stations or police stations to look after. In Alberta, Quebec and Ontario, the Municipal Governments, look after telephone, electricity and gas as well. They also have the power to create by-laws and local laws that affect their area. The Municipal Government will be the one that will affect your everyday life.

 

 

Funding

 

Most of the Municipal Government’s money (about 83%) comes from their own sources. By law, their accounts cannot go into the negative; this protects the Provinces and Territories from having to guarantee their debt. Most of their funding comes from property taxes and some other sources include fines, sales of goods and services and tax transfers from the Provincial government.

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June 13, 2014 at 2:19 pm by admin
Category: Articles